The Volkswagen Golf was a compact car manufactured and marketed, since 1974, by Volkswagen. The original Golf Mk1 was an FWD, front-engined replacement Volkswagen Beetle. The Golf, historically, has been Volkswagen's best-selling model and is among the world's top three best-selling models. Moreover, no matter what generation of the Golf you work on, having a Volkswagen Golf repair manual can prove useful.
Volkswagen presented the first-generation Golf, in May 1974, as a modern FWD, replacement for the Volkswagen Beetle. The Golf Mk1 was marketed as the Volkswagen Rabbit in the United States and Canada; in addition to, being badged as the Volkswagen Caribe in Mexico.
1983, saw the unveiling of the second-generation Golf (Mk2) that had grown ever so slightly in terms of size. The Mk2 GTI had a 1.8 L 8-valve fuel-injected engine from its launch, with a 16-valve version -- introduced in 1985 -- capable of more than 137 mph.
In 1985, the first Golfs with 4WD (Golf Syncro) hit the market with the same Syncro 4WD system being used on the supercharged G60 models, which was only released, in 1989, in continental Europe with 161 hp.
An Mk2-based second-generation Jetta was unveiled in January 1984. The third-generation Golf (Mk3) made its debut in August 1991. It featured new engines included the first Turbocharged Direct Injection (TD) diesel engine in a Golf and a narrow-angle 2.8 L VR6 engine. The Mk3 was sold until 1999 in the United States, Canada and parts of South America.
The Golf Mk4 was first released in August 1997, there was no Mk4-derived Cabriolet; however, the Mk3 Cabriolet was given a facelift in 1999 that consisted of headlights, bumpers, and a grill. Manufacturing of the European variant of the Golf Mk4 was stopped at the end of the 2006 model year. Production of the U.S. version was ceased in 2006.
The Golf Mk5 was launched in Europe in the autumn of 2003. In North America, Volkswagen revived the Rabbit nameplate when it unveiled the vehicle in 2006. The North American standard model is powered by a 2.5 L 5-cylinder engine, which produced 150 hp in 2006 and 2007, but this was increased to 170 hp in the later models. The GTI version was powered by a turbocharged version of the 2.0 L FSI engine, producing 197 hp.
Volkswagen's Golf Mk6 was built on the existing PQ35 platform from the Golf Mk5, which was debuted at the 2008 Paris Motor Show. The seventh-generation Golf had its unveiling at the 2012 Paris Motor Show.
In late 2016, Volkswagen released a facelifted version (Golf 7.5) to the 3-door hatchback, 5-door estate, 5-door hatchback, GTI, and GTE, in addition to a new ""R-Line"" Golf. With those models, cames a more economical engine: 1.5 L TSI EVO which produces 130 hp or 148 hp and replaced the 1.4 L TSI.
The most powerful Golf in the lineup was the Golf R. Built as a 3 or 5 door hatchback, it was powered by a newly developed version of the 2.0 L turbocharged EA888 petrol FSI Inline-four engine used in the most recent Golf GTI, but in this application producing 296 hp or 276 hp for ""hot climate"" markets such as Australia, South Africa, Japan, USA. In 2018, Volkswagen announced it would build a ""Rabbit Edition"" GTI for the 2019 model year. If you do find yourself in such a situation and need help, grab a Volkswagen Gold service manual and get to work.