Legacy / Liberty
Since 1989, the Subaru Legacy is a subcompact SUV car manufactured and marketed by Subaru. As Subaru's flagship car, it was unique in its class for offering AWD as a standard feature, and Subaru's traditional boxer engine. The Legacy isnít a difficult vehicle to work on, but ensuring you have a Subaru Legacy service manual will make certain that you donít encounter any hiccups along the way.
The Legacy was introduced in 1989, it paved the way for an entirely new flat-4 engine series, called the EJ engine, which was quieter and more powerful than the previous EA engine. Beginning with a 5-door wagon or 4-door sedan body design, with FWD and an optional full-time AWD package. Options included air suspension height control, which allowed the driver to raise the vehicle's ground clearance for off-road conditions and automatically lowered the vehicle at speeds over 50 mph (80.5 km/h) and a 4-channel ABS, licensed from Bosch.
The model's released in the US, the Legacy Sport Sedan from 1991-1994, and from 1992-1994, Legacy Touring Wagon. Both had turbocharged EJ22T closed-deck block engines. However, exclusive to the US auto market was the SOHC, with oil squirters, different pistons, oil cooler on the '91 model year, and various other enhancements. It displaced the same amount as the non-turbo/naturally aspirated EJ22E engine used throughout all other Legacy models; however, it was not merely a turbocharged version of the EJ22E. †With the sedan, one could choose between a strengthened 4EAT Automatic transmission or a more robust 5-speed manual transmission. Sadly, the wagon only came equipped with the 4EAT. These two were the last turbocharged models Subaru sold in the US until the 2002 WRX debuted.
With the introduction for the 1995 Legacy in North America, came a full chassis and body revision. In 1996, Subaru made AWD standard. However, FWD and AWD were still offered for their domestic market vehicles in this generation. Subaru ceased production of the US Legacy models in 2004 instead of 2003.
On May 23, 2003, Fuji Heavy Industries unveiled the redesigned Legacy. It was released worldwide in 2004. It marked the return of a turbocharged Subaru engine to the North American Legacy nameplate, and it had a redesigned, stiffer chassis featuring a 2.5 L engine. Due to tightening emission standards and the advancements in turbocharger technology, the twin-turbo setup was dropped from Subaru's lineup. Turbocharged models and the H6 offered Subaru's first 5-speed automatic transmission, featuring SportShift technology licensed from Prodrive, Ltd. The 2005 model year Legacy for the US market was offered in 2.5i, 2.5i Limited, 2.5GT, and 2.5GT Limited. †In 2014, the US Subaru Legacy 3.6R Limited received EyeSight technology cameras next to rear view mirror.
The Legacy and its Outback sibling have won the Alcan Winter Rally many times over; the first win was in 1990 followed by a succession of wins in 1992, 2002, and 2006. A 1990 Legacy was the first Group N car ever to finish the WRC Safari Rally. This rally is considered the world's most grueling rally under the World Rally Championship. In the 1990 race, the 38th Safari Rally had 59 competitors total, only 10 of which were able to reach the finish. The Legacy was the only Group N car to reach the finish and was in 8th place overall.
On April 23, 1998, a Generation III Subaru Legacy made news by setting a new world speed record for mass-produced turbocharged station wagons with small engines (1,600 cc-2,000 cc class). It was clocked at 168.101 mph (270.532 km/h). Previously, this record was set by a Generation II Subaru Legacy in 1993 at 155.331 mph (249.981 km/h).
The Legacy has had quite the successful run. It still has a reputation for being a reliable vehicle. If you ever find yourself working on one of these vehicles, having a Subaru Legacy workshop manual ensures the job will go more smoothly.