Fiat is an Italian automobile manufacturing company that began in 1899. Fiat is best known for itís range of small, sporty cars and rally racing heritage. The Fiat Panda originally went on sale in 1980, and remained in production with only moderate changes for 23 years, one of the longest produced small European cars. Repairing, restoring and maintaining these robust cars is easy with a Fiat Panda workshop manual.
The first series of the Fiat Panda borrowed heavily from military designs. The car was intended to be light weight, rugged and economical. By avoiding complex steering and suspension systems, Fiat was able to produce a tough and durable car that was easy to repair and fuel efficient.
Original models were powered by either a small air-cooled two cylinder engine or a water-cooled four cylinder power plant. Fiat set an industry first in 1983 with the introduction of the Panda 4x4, the only transverse-engined four wheel drive compact car on the market. In 1986, along with a stylistic update that smoothed and rounded the boxy car, both engines were replaced with water-cooled four cylinder engines from Fiatís new Fire series still in production today. Fiat again completed a facelift on the Panda in 1991, adding a constant-velocity transmission and expanding the range of optional models available. Fiat began to cease sales of the Panda in European markets in 1996, with the last original series being sold in 2003 in Italy.
Originally intended to be called Gingo, Fiat wisely decided to continue the Panda name with an all-new small MPV. The popular new Panda helped save Fiat at a time when it seemed inevitable the company would collapse. The new Panda sold until 2012, with a total production of nearly 2.2 million cars.
Over itís production life, the Fiat Panda was powered by an amazing array of engines from nearly every category. With throwback air-cooled two cylinder engines, four cylinder water-cooled power plants, diesels, CNG and even an electric as far back as 1980 that remained in production until 1998. Fiat offered a vast array of options over the decades of production, allowing buyers the opportunity to practically build the car themselves.
Known all over Europe for their durability and thriftiness, the Fiat Panda is a desirable little compact. A Fiat Panda repair manual makes it easy for the do-it-yourself mechanic to keep these dependable cars on the road.